Potty Training Puppy Without Crate

Your Complete Guide to Potty Training a Puppy


Puppy potty training is a task that necessitates a regular schedule, from the puppy pads in the house to the leash walks around the block (and quite a bit of patience). Everything you need to know to train your puppy is explained in this guide.

Several factors will affect when your puppy needs to go, so keep that in mind as you read. If your puppy has an accident out of the blue, you might want to change any of the following:

  • Feeding frequency
  • Creating queues
  • Playtimes and naps

Steps for Potty Training Your Puppy


When your pup is 12 to 16 weeks old, start puppy potty training. This is the point at which your puppy has gained more control over their bowel and bladder movements. In order to prevent behavior issues in the future, it’s crucial to teach a puppy when and where they can go from a young age.

To potty train your puppy, follow these steps:

Step 1: build a routine.

Potty training can be a breeze if you and your puppy make a routine. Your pup will eventually pick up the routine you create. They will discover when you typically get up and when you take breaks to let them out.

Keep in mind that while your puppy is young, you’ll need to take more frequent potty breaks because their bladder can’t tolerate waiting very long. As they get older, you won’t have to stop what you’re doing to take them for a walk as often.

A basic potty training schedule is provided below to help you plan your day and remind your puppy when it’s time to go outside:

Once you wake

When you wake up in the morning, take the puppy out of their crate and take them to the designated spot outside. This will give both of your days a good start.

Make sure that you are not wasting time waiting for the coffee to brew or getting ready for the day in its entirety. As soon as you wake up, put on some shoes and head for the door to help reduce the likelihood that your puppy will have an accident.

Remember in mind that they were forced to hold it all night. A small puppy must wait a very long time.


Every time you visit the same area, Every time, I take the same route. Your puppy will be better able to recognize when it’s time to go potty thanks to this familiarity and routine.


After Meals

Take your puppy for a walk after each meal. They will undoubtedly need to get rid of something in their system. The work you’ve already done could be undone by an accident if you wait too long after eating.

Your puppy should be on a regular eating schedule, so these post-meal potty breaks should occur around the same time every day.


After your puppy finishes eating, make sure to schedule after-meal breaks.

When Your Puppy Wakes Up From Naps

You should take your puppy outside when they wake up from naps, just like you do in the morning. To reduce the possibility of a sudden accident, you should take them outside as soon as they wake up.

Following Playtime

While playing, your puppy might “forget” to go potty. They might need the restroom if they are jumping and running around. Whether or not your puppy needs to go potty after playing, it’s better to let them.

Before Departure

Try to schedule your outings around how long your small, furry dog can hold it when you have them to watch out for. Before leaving for an extended period of time, make sure to take your puppy outside.

Follow the month-plus-one rules if you’re unsure of how long your pup can go without needing to go potty. This indicates that your puppy can hold it for their age in months plus an additional hour. (Note: Some recommend the month-plus-one rule instead of an hour for every month of age.)

Prior to going to bed,

To avoid accidents during the night, take one more trip outside with the little pup before you go potty. This will assist in establishing the routine of your pet making one last trip outside each night.

Step 2: Create a queue.

Setting up a queue can teach your dog to alert you if there is ever a time where they urgently need to go. Pets are typically taught to bark, ring a bell, or wait by the door when they need to go outside. Having a clear queue can help your puppy avoid accidents because you might overlook other, less obvious cues that they need to go outside.

Step 3: Whenever you can, take your puppy to the same distraction-free location.

So you and your puppy went outside without having any mishaps.What’s next? Your puppy might not fully understand the reason you hurried them out the door. You’ll need to remember a few things to help your puppy understand that it’s not playtime:

  • Always take your pup to a quiet area (fewer distractions, higher chance of them using the restroom).
  • Aim to leave them in the same spot each time you take them out.
  • Be boring; don’t play with or pay attention to your puppy to keep it from getting distracted.
  • Avoid becoming frustrated or shouting at them in an effort to get them to do what you want.

Don’t forget that your puppy might not go potty every time you take them outside. The world will not end because of this. Return inside and try again later if there is no success. Your pup will eventually understand what the desired routine is.

However, if your puppy does use the restroom while you are outside, you should reward them for their good manners. Compared to your previous, dull pre-potty self, this reward is even more satisfying.

Step 4: Utilize a Crate While You’re Home


While potty training your puppy, using a crate can help prevent accidents and actually let you control where they go. Everyone wishes they could stay every day at home with their pets, but for the majority of people, that is not an option.

Your puppy will have a special area thanks to crate training. This feeds into a dog’s innate desire to keep their environment tidy. A crate that is suitable for their size will prevent them from having accidents.

This is not a quick fix, so be aware of that. In a crate, a puppy’s bladder and bowel control won’t defy reason. However, you’ll still need to be home to let the puppy out as needed.

Step 5: Give your puppy a suitable reward.

Rewarding your puppy for urinating in designated areas is always a good idea. You must be ready to predict when your puppy needs to go outside in order to accomplish this.

Immediately reward your puppy with a small treat after they have eliminated potty (training treats are recommended to avoid overfeeding your puppy with “junk food.” By marking the action with a click and a treat at this point, clicker training can also be used.

It’s all about time. Making sure you don’t make the reward too soon will distract disruption and diversion from the constructive behavior you’re trying to reinforce. When it’s too late, your puppy will assume you’re just handing out random treats.

Puppy potty training when:

You live in an apartment.

Potty training your new puppy will be more difficult if you don’t live on the first floor of an apartment with a convenient backyard green space. When you live on Floor 2 and higher, routines and backup plans are your best friends.

When your puppy isn’t going to make it, puppy pee pads and dog litter boxes are a good alternative. Dog litter boxes are made of synthetic grass and can be put inside or on a balcony like cat litter boxes. This can be DIYed or you can choose from a variety of ready-made options.

Instead of letting your puppy wander around on the ground, you should take them down in the elevator. While there is a chance they will urinate on you, if you are holding them as opposed to putting them on the ground, they are much more likely to hold it for a little while.


Your lack of a crate

While you’re at home, potty training can be done with or without a crate; it’s when you leave the house that you’ll need to make choices. If you work from home, potty training your pup without a crate will undoubtedly be much easier. However, before you leave the house, make sure the following arrangements are made for your pup.

  • Select an area where your puppy will be confined while you are away, such as a room or a pen. (Dog gates may be required for this.)
  • Keep puppy pads in one spot, rather than dispersing them all over the place, if you decide to use them.
  • Train your pup to use the puppy pads while you’re away, and replace any that become soiled right away.


To prevent them from associating specific spots with pee and deciding that spot is a good place to go, use an enzymatic cleaner that dissolves even the smallest potty stains.

You must work

Potty training can be more difficult for someone who works long hours than for someone who works shift work or from home. In order to avoid potty training issues, people who work full-time frequently put off adopting a young puppy. In light of the following, keep in mind that your puppy’s progress with potty training will probably be slower if you can’t build a routine and take them outside frequently.

You should determine if you can bring your puppy home during lunch breaks so that you can continue the potty training schedule. Otherwise, hiring a trained dog sitter is your best option. They can either stay the entire day with your puppy or drop over for a midday walk like a dog walker.

Set up your pup in a secure area of the home that has been puppy-proofed with puppy pads while you are at work.

When to Start Training Your Puppy to Go Potty

When a puppy is 12 to 16 weeks old, they are usually ready to train training. At this point, they can control their bladders well enough to be taught when to go to the bathroom.

Make sure your puppies have received all the necessary vaccinations before letting them go outside in order to prevent parvovirus.

How Long Does It Take to Potty Train a Puppy?

It typically takes four to six months to completely potty train a puppy. Your puppy will be nearly completely potty trained as you approach the four and six-month marks, but accidents are still likely to happen. Don’t punish your puppy when they have accidents. Instead, praise them when they go to the bathroom in the right place. This will shorten the time it takes to fully potty train your puppy.

How to Quickly Potty Train Your Puppy

You must be available to let your dog out at all times during the day if you want to potty train your dog quickly. Potty training can be finished in seven to fourteen days if you follow the right schedule and have a puppy who is particularly quick to pick things up. However, we want to emphasize that this is not typical.

Expecting a quick fix when starting potty training is unrealistic. Positive reinforcement is the most effective way to hasten potty training. Include frequent potty breaks and make it a point to stay with your pup at all times so you can monitor for signs that they need to go out.

Questions and Answers

Can you potty train a puppy that is eight weeks old?

To realistically potty train your dog, eight weeks is still a little too young. They can only hold their bladder for a maximum of two to three hours. At eight weeks, you can help by getting them where they need to go; don’t rely on them to let you know when they’re ready to leave. As your puppy gets older, they will start to pick up on the potty schedule, so you can start setting up routines for yourself.

Which breed of dog is the most difficult to housebreak?

When it comes to dog breeds, generalizations are impossible to make. However, the temperaments of the majority of dogs in a breed will be similar. Because of this, Jack Russell terriers and Yorkshire terriers are typically the most difficult dog breeds to housebreak.

The fact that these “harder to train” dogs are also smaller dog breeds is not surprising. Toy and small dog breeds are notorious for being more difficult to housebreak. Their smaller size and quicker metabolism are frequently cited as the causes of this.

Signs Your Puppy Needs to be Eliminated


If you haven’t already taught your puppy to use a bell or bark at the door, they will find other ways to signal to you as they start to associate the outside with the proper place to eliminate themselves. Keep an eye out for these typical indications that your puppy needs to be let out:

  • Whining and circling
  • Licking and smelling their rear or groin
  • Nipping or scratching at the door
  • Going back to a location inside the home where they previously urinated


When you first begin potty training your pup, it’s best to not wait until you notice obvious signs that your dog needs to go outside. To reduce the likelihood of accidents, take your pup for walks frequently.

How to Handle Accidents

Avoiding punishing your puppy for misbehavior is the first and most important step in handling accidents. Even if you’re frustrated, rubbing their nose in urine won’t magically potty train them.

Make a loud noise to distract your puppy if you see it about to have an accident inside the house (not yelling at them). This should temporarily divert their attention from the possibility of an accident, giving you the time to intervene and give them outside. Reward them with a treat after they get rid of the outside.

After an accident, make sure to thoroughly clean the area to get rid of any urine smell. To get rid of the smell completely, you’ll need a cleaner that is more potent than your typical surface cleaner.

Potty Training Tips for Puppies: Dos and Don’ts

Here are some dos and don’ts for first-time puppy owners who are in charge of potty training:

  • DO reward good behavior, as this lets the puppy know when it is the right thing to do.
  • Avoid slapping them in the face for mishaps; this is cruel and they won’t get it.
  • DO acknowledge that accidents can occur and that they may have medical causes.
  • Avoid neglecting your puppy and failing to realize that no one has a bladder of steel.
  • DO give them the space they require to learn, and always behave kindly and patiently.

A puppy cannot be trained to use the restroom in a specific amount of time. You’ll enjoy a lifetime of contented licks and tail wags if you give them the time and patience they require.

The Tools You Need for Potty Training

Potty training is one of many financial surprises that come with raising a puppy. Before bringing a puppy home, think about the following equipment you’ll need to purchase and the associated cost:

Potty Training Supplies

Product Price
Leash & collar $8 – $20
Dog crate $25 – $100
Playpen $30 – $100
Baby gates $20 – $30/pack
Training treats $3 – $8/bag
Poop bags $6 – $10/pack
Pooper scooper $10 – $20
Cleaning products $8 – $16/ea.
TOTAL $130 – $354

Even though there are cheaper and more expensive options, when you start potty training your dog, you can usually expect to spend between $130 and $354 on supplies.


Elderly Dogs’ Potty Training

Your new canine companion is neither a puppy nor potty trained. What’s next?

There’s no need to worry; potty training an older dog is much simpler than training a young puppy. Whether your dog has never been housebroken, the previous owner neglected to train them, or they have always relied on paper or concrete in a pen, we’ll walk you through the steps to potty train your senior dog.

Your senior dog needs a strict routine, just like with puppies. This includes leaving the house at set times and eating meals at set times.

Don’t free-monitor your dog because you won’t be able to avoid them when they likely need to go potty. If you do decide to take your adult dog for a walk, you should either accompany them or keep them on a leash. This enables you to check to see if they’ve actually been evicted.

If they had spent their entire lives on concrete, some dogs might never have walked on grass or dirt. You can ask a friend’s dog or a dog park for assistance if you’re having a hard time teaching your dog to eliminate itself in the grass. A spot where another dog has been is more likely to be chosen by your dog.

Keep in mind not to lose patience. Your dog only wants to please you and may have bad habits because he or she was abused or neglected in the past.

Watch Out for These Warning Signs

You should monitor your dog’s urine and stool even after they have mastered knowing when and where to relieve themselves. Although it may appear revolting, as a pet owner, it can actually assist you in monitoring and tracking your pet’s health.

Symptoms like persistent diarrhea, blood when you urinate or defecate, and other warning signs can help you find problems before they get worse and cause more serious symptoms.

Keep an eye out for:

  • Amount of urine has increased
  • An increase in how often you eliminate
  • Blood in the stool or urine
  • A change in stool consistency
  • Straining
  • Discoloration of stool or urine

Anything from separation anxiety to Cushing’s disease could be to blame for the changes in your dog’s urination. Some medications (which will probably be talked about when your pet gets a prescription) may also change how your pet goes to the bathroom.

It’s best to get in touch with your veterinarian right away if you notice any strange or worrying changes. Your vet can do any other necessary tests, like a complete blood count (CBC), a feces sample analysis, or a urinalysis, to figure out what’s wrong.

Give us a call to schedule an appointment if you have any concerns about the behaviors or symptoms your puppy is displaying. It’s always preferable to treat symptoms as soon as possible rather than waiting for issues to get worse.