Potty Training Without A Crate

How to Housebreak a Puppy Without a Crate


You can housebreak a puppy without a crate. Simply set up a schedule for feeding and potty breaks to help your puppy learn a routine, and give him enthusiastic praise each time he uses the business in the proper spot. Be patient, because some dogs take longer to housebreak than others.

Step 1

Set up a regular feeding and potty schedule for your puppy and follow it. Evacuate at feeding times and plan for your puppy to need to go outside five to thirty minutes after eating. As you start training, you might want to take your puppy outside every two hours. As you progress, you can increase the time between breaks by an hour each week until you have a schedule that works for you and doesn’t change from day to day. Eventually, your puppy will learn to relieve himself during these times.

Step 2

Decide on a regular location outside where your puppy can relieve itself. Take him to this spot and wait until he begins to be active. Your dog will begin to associate that spot’s smell with a bathroom break. Take him to the same general spot every time, so he learns this is where he should evacuate.

Step 3

Every morning and after each nap, take your puppy outside. Take your puppy outside every night before bed as well. He may need to use the bathroom more than once, so give him some time and let him wait outside for a while. Give him enough time to finish his task, sniff around, become accustomed to his surroundings, and feel secure enough to begin working.

Step 4

Reward your puppy by petting him and telling him he’s a good dog for using the bathroom outside. As you train, give him a small treat each time he uses the bathroom outside. Going to the business outside will be associated with praise and rewards.

Step 5

If you see your puppy using the house or an undesignated outdoor area as a bathroom, startle him with a loud noise. Instead of scaring him, take him outside right away to finish. He might associate using the restroom with bad behavior if you scare him. Puppies will make mistakes, so focus on rewarding him for going in the right direction rather than punishing, getting upset, or getting excited when he goes in the wrong direction.