Provide Your Puppy With These 5 Basic Cues

Getting Started

To get off to a good (and paw!) start with your pup, you must make sure they know what you expect of them. As a result, they will be more confident that they can make the goals they have set for themselves in the future.

Training should be based on positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is the practice of rewarding desired behaviour in people or dogs, such as paying someone for showing up to work. Instead of using the behaviour as a punishment, the goal is to train it using something your dog appreciates.

Avoid shouting at or correcting your dog with the leash. As a result of punishment, a dog could become confused and unsure about what is expected of them. It is vital to remember that we cannot expect dogs to know something they do not yet predict, similar to expecting a 2-year-old child to understand how to tie their shoes. As puppies learn long-term behaviour, your new puppy will significantly benefit from your patience.

You can utilize your dog’s favourite things as reinforcement. Most owners give their dogs little pieces of a particular food with a high “value,” such as freeze-dried liver or even their kibble, as rewards during training. The bonus of using a prized toy or play generous praise are some examples of rewarding tips. Dogs must be taught to appreciate the credit. If you give your dog a treat and say, “Good dog!” in a cheerful voice, they will learn that praise is constructive and may be utilized as a reward. Some dogs enjoy being petted as well. Food is typically the most accessible method of behaviour reinforcement.

When puppies move into their new home, typically when they are approximately eight weeks old, they can begin fundamental training immediately. Training sessions should always be brief—only five to ten minutes—and have a positive conclusion. If your puppy struggles to learn a new behaviour, end the training session by reviewing something they already understand. Then, thank them profusely and give them a sizable reward for their praise. Your puppy’s ability to learn will ultimately suffer if they get frustrated or bored.

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How to teach a Dog to Come When Called

Begin your recall training (coming when called) indoors and in a serene place.

  1. While seated next to your puppy, call it by name or sit the word “come.”
    2. Give your puppy a treat each time you command him to come or use his name. They are still without any tasks! Repeat the word once more and then give pleasure. Easy!
    3. After that, drop a treat nearby on the floor. Repeat your puppy’s name as soon as the pleasure is done and on the ground. When they raise their heads, give them another treat.
    4. Repeat this several times until you can throw the treat a little further away, and they turn to face you when you call their name. Avoid calling your puppy’s name repeatedly if they don’t respond because doing so makes it easier for them to ignore it. When your puppy can successfully respond to their name for the first time by coming closer to them, start over at that step.
    5. Once your puppy can turn to face you, begin incorporating mobility and increasing the game’s fun value! Toss a treat to the ground, call your puppy’s name, and then run away as swiftly as possible. It’s thrilling, so they should run you!
    6. Shower them with praise and treats, or give them some tug-of-war play when they catch you. It should be wonderful to visit you! Playing these games farther apart and in other locations can help you to continue growing on them. Keep your puppy on a long leash first (always in a secure, enclosed environment) when training outdoors.

When your puppy runs up to you, can you resist the urge to grab them? This could be confusing or perplexing for certain dogs. If your puppy is timid, squat, face your back to them, and start to reach for the collar while giving them treats.

Never call your dog to correct them! They will teach that it is best to avoid being away from you as a result of the fact that you are unpredictable. Give your dog a considerable reward every time they come when called, even if they’ve been misbehaving.

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How to teach a Dog to Walk Free without a Leash

In dog obedience contests, “heel” means the dog walking on your left side while you are lightly holding the leash and training its head against your knee. Puppy training can be a little more relaxed because the main goal is to get them to walk nicely without pulling on a loose leash. Some trainers prefer to say “let’s go” or “forward” instead of “heel.”

Whatever cue you choose, be consistent and use the same word each time. Whether your puppy walks on your left or right side is entirely up to you. However, be consistent in your expectations of where you want them to go to learn them from becoming confused and learning to zigzag in front of you.

  1. Check whether your puppy is comfortable being on a leash. This could initially seem unusual, and some puppies might bite the leash. Give your puppy treats each time you put the leash on.
    2. Close while holding the leash in a loose loop next to them, and repeatedly give your dog treats for standing or sitting next to your leg.
    3. Encourage them forward a step while giving them to do so by rewarding them with another treat when they catch up lost ground.
    4. Continue giving your puppy treats at your knee or hip level.
    5. If they start to run in front of you, turn around, call them over, and reward them for staying place. Then continue. As you proceed, you are gradually spacing out your treats (from every step to every other stage, every third step, and so on).
    6. Eventually, your dog will wander contentedly by your side while on a leash. Give your dog plenty of time to sniff and “smell the roses” while you’re out walking. Once they’ve finished sniffing, cheerfully exclaim, “Let’s go!” and reward them with a treat for returning to their place and walking alongside you.

How to teach a Dog to Sit

You can teach your puppy the meaning of “sit” in one of two ways.

The first method is called capture.

  1. Stand some dog food or treats for your puppy in front of them.
    2. Wait for them to sit. After that, affirm and give them a treat.
    3. Encourage a sideways or backward step after they have been encouraged to stand, then wait for them to sit.
    4. Give them another treat as soon as they sit down.
    5. With a little effort, you can start addressing them as “sit” as soon as they take a seat.

The next option is called alluring.

  1. While enticing your dog with a treat, get on all fours in front of him.
    2. Put the treat directly in front of the recipient’s nose before raising it gradually above their head. They’ll probably sit and lift their heads to munch on the charm.
    3. Allow them to eat the treat when their bottoms touch the ground.
    4. After using the food lure a few times, take it away and only use your empty hand. When the dog sits, reward them with a treat.
    5. Once they can give the sit signal with their hand, you can begin saying “sit” just before you give the hand gesture.

Never force your puppy into a sitting position; some dogs could place this confusing or unpleasant.

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How to Teach a Dog to Lie Down

Like “sit,” “down” is a word that can be taught to kids.

  1. You could wait for your dog to lie asleep (beginning in a dull, small room such as a bathroom can help).
    2. Reward your dog with a treat when they lie down to acknowledge the behaviour.
    3. After giving them the cue to stand back up, wait for them to lie down once more (and encourage, if necessary, using a lure).
    4. As kids quickly lie down after standing up, you should begin saying “down.”

You can lure someone to fall from a stand or sit position.

  1. Hold a treat in your hand close to the dog’s nose and bring it slowly to the floor.
    2. When the dog’s elbows come in contact with the floor, start by giving it the treat.
    3. Start lowering your empty hand to the ground and rewarding your dog when they lie down after a few repetitions.
    4. Once they can reliably follow your hand signal, begin saying “down” as you move your hand.

When sitting, never force your dog into a down position.

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How to Teach a Dog to Stay

When given the “stay” cue, a puppy will stay seated until you tell them to stand up by saying the “release word,” another signal. Staying put is a behaviour that develops through time. The goal is to train your dog to sit still until the release cue is given; after that, you can start extending your distance.

  1. Teach the release word to students. Choose a word you’ll use, such as “OK” or “free.”
    2. As you toss a treat onto the floor, hold your puppy in a sit or stand position. Toss them your word as they step to stand the pleasure.
    3. Repeat this a few times to master the ability to say the word, and then toss the treat once they start to move. As a result, the dog understands that the release cue indicates stepping forward.
    4. After your dog has mastered the ability to sit on command and react to the release cue, put them in a seat, face them, and give them a treat.
    5. Give them another treat as a reward for staying sitting, then release them.
    6. Increasing the time between treats gradually (it can be helpful to chant the ABCs aloud as you move up the alphabet).
    7. Your dog may stand up before the release cue! Simply put, it just means they aren’t ready to sit for so long. Therefore you may make it easier by going back to a shorter time.
    8. Once your dog can stay in a sit position for several seconds, you can begin extending the distance.
    9. Tell the dog to “sit” and ask him to “stay.” Then, while giving the dog a treat and your release command, could you step back and return to him?
    10. Continue to stay successful material in manageable increments to ensure your dog’s success. Practice turning your back on them and walking away (which is more realistic).

Once your dog can stay, you can progressively increase the distance. This also applies to the “sit.” The more thoroughly they learn, the more extended sitting periods are achievable. The trick is to not expect yourself up for disappointment. Because training goals are reached in little steps, you might need to go slower and concentrate on one thing at a time. To make the training “stick,” sessions should be brief and successful.

Basic Instructions for Training a Puppy

Make training sessions fun and brief. Every session needs to end to a joyful close. If you think your dog is learning slowly or acting “stubborn,” consider the value of your rewards and the time of your training sessions. Do you need to slow down and make the steps easier for your dog, or does he need a bigger reward for a more strenuous activity?

Your puppy’s training will give off on a solid footing with the “Basic 5” cues. And to think that if you and your puppy continue to work hard and have fun throughout training, you two might one day win an obedience competition!