Puppy Training Basics 8 Weeks – Puppy Behavior and Training
Puppy Training Basics 8 Weeks: This is a very detailed guide on how to train a puppy. If you have any interest in training or raising animals, then you’ll love this guide.
Can I start training my new puppy at a young age?
From the time you bring your puppy home and start to house train it, you will be training it. Puppies begin learning from the moment they are born, and competent breeders begin touching and socializing as soon as possible. As soon as the puppy is able to open its eyes and walk, some training can begin. Young puppies have short attention spans, but they can start learning basic obedience commands like “sit,” “down,” and “stay” as early as 7 to 8 weeks of age.
Formal dog training has typically been postponed until the age of six months. In fact, this is an extremely inopportune time to start. Every experience teaches the dog something new, and delaying training means the dog will miss out on opportunities to learn how you want him to behave. The dog is beginning to cement adult behavioral patterns and goes through fear phases during the adolescent stage. It’s possible that puppy-hood behaviors will need to be modified. Furthermore, anything that has been erroneously learned or educated will need to be undone and retaught. Puppies have the ability to learn a lot from a young age.
“A method taught as food-lure training can be used to teach puppies the commands “sit,” “down,” and “stand.”
Use strategies that rely on positive rewards and gentle teaching when starting training at 7 to 8 weeks of age. Puppy attention spans are limited, so training sessions should be quick yet frequent. Using a technique known as food-lure training, puppies can be taught to “sit,” “down,” and “stand.” By using food goodies, we entice the dog to follow its nose into the right positions for “sit,” “down,” “stand,” and “stay.”
What is the best way to get started with food lure training?
To motivate your puppy to perform most tasks, use little pieces of food or a favorite toy. By displaying the puppy the reward, giving a command, and relocating the reward to elicit the desired response, the puppy can be persuaded to give the desired response if the reward is sufficiently tempting. Food held up over the puppy’s nose and slowly moved backward should elicit a “sit” response; food drawn down to the floor should elicit a “down” response; food brought back up should elicit a “stand” response; food held out at a distance should elicit a “come” response; and food held at your thigh while walking should elicit a “heel” or “follow” response. As the puppy does something, give it a command phrase or word to follow and reward if it does it right.
I’m not sure how often I should issue the command.
Ideally, you should just give the command phrase once and then move the puppy into locations with your food. Add in verbal praise and a loving pat after the puppy has completed the task, which is known as secondary reinforcers (see below). If the puppy does not immediately obey the initial command, you are probably moving too quickly. If you keep repeating the command, the puppy will learn that it may wait for multiple repetitions before obeying. If the puppy does not obey, keeping a leash on can assist you in getting a quick response.
If you keep repeating the command, the puppy will learn that it can wait a few seconds before obeying.
Remember that your puppy does not understand the meaning of the word until later in the training process. As a result, you might teach your puppy to sit just as readily with the word bananas (or sit in any other language) as with the word sit. The trick is to relate the word “sit” to the action of putting one’s hind end on the floor.
I’m not sure how I’m going to get rid of the lure and food rewards.
You’ll start by letting the puppy see the food in your hand so you can get her attention and use it to guide her into position. As your puppy’s obedience improves, you can begin to conceal the food in your hand while still giving the command and repeating the action or signal she has learned to follow. The puppy will soon grow to expect a treat every time she performs the task. Then signal and give the command, but only praise her and give her a loving pat when she completes the task. Next, vary the frequency by praising with “excellent dog” and possibly stroking each time, but feeding at random intervals, such as every 3 or 4 times. The puppy should learn to respond to either the hand signal or the command over time.
The phrases “good dog” and “affectionate pat” become secondary reinforcers over time. They take on more meaning and become reinforcement in and of themselves because they have previously been connected with food. Because you will not always have food with you when you need your pet to obey, it is important to apply supplementary reinforcement. Because if you use food to get your puppy to do what you want, you will end up with a puppy who only does what you want if you give him a treat.
“Affectionate pats and the remark “good dog” become secondary reinforcers over time.”
Training begins with a variety of family members in specified sessions throughout the day. You should reserve all of your awards for these training sessions. However, after some time, you should begin asking your puppy to perform the tasks at different times.
How much time should I devote to training my puppy on a daily basis?
You do not have to train in a scheduled session every day. Rather, integrate these tasks into your daily routine. At least 15 minutes of training per day is a target to strive for. These sessions might be as little as 5 minutes and spaced out throughout the day. Make sure that everyone in your family asks your puppy to perform these tasks. Always remember to train in every room of your home. You want your puppy to “sit,” “lay down,” and “stay” in all situations, not just at the training site. Practice in all of the places where you want your puppy to behave and feel at ease in the future.
To have a well-trained dog, you must be devoted to reinforcing the training tasks on a nearly daily basis during the first year of your puppy’s life.
As you begin to integrate the puppy into your life, use these training tasks. Ask your puppy to “sit” before she gets her food, “sit” before you let her in or out of the door, and “sit” before you pet her, for example. These are the times when your puppy is more likely to comply because he or she wants something. In this manner, you’re always training your dog throughout the day, while also setting predictable rules and routines for interactions and assisting the dog in learning who has control of the resources. It is beneficial to train your puppy prior to each requested essential in order to avoid issues. Allowing your puppy to sit before receiving food or a treat reduces begging, and teaching your dog to sit before opening the door reduces jumping up or bolting. Be inventive. The time you spend training your puppy now will pay off when you have an adult dog. You must be devoted to reinforcing the training tasks on a nearly daily basis during the first year of your puppy’s life in order to have a well-trained dog. The more you train and oversee your puppy, the less likely it is to engage in inappropriate behavior. Dogs do not self-train; if left to their own devices, they will act like dogs.
What should I do if my puppy is too distracted or excited to be controlled?
Training should begin in a peaceful, distraction-free area. The reward should be highly compelling so that the puppy’s attention is completely focused on the trainer and the reward. A beloved toy or a special dog treat may be more tempting than a tiny food treat, which is usually the best option. It’s also a good idea to train the puppy right before a planned mealtime when it’s most hungry. For difficult or headstrong puppies, leaving a leash attached and using a head collar for extra control is the best approach to ensure that the puppy will perform the required activity and respond appropriately to the command. If the puppy does not instantly obey, you can use this method to prompt it into the correct response, and the pressure can be released as soon as the intended response is reached.
Socialization should begin as soon as you obtain your puppy, which is usually around the age of seven weeks. During the socialization period, which happens between 7 and 14 to 16 weeks of age, puppies readily accept new individuals, other species, and exposure to new situations. This time period allows for a plethora of introductions, many of which will result in great memories that will last an opportunity. During this period, puppies are eager, adventurous, and uninhibited, and it is important to capitalize on their enthusiasm. During this period, be sure to protect your puppy and ensure that all of his or her experiences are good, enjoyable, and fear-inducing.
What’s the deal with my 16-week-old puppy’s fear?
At around the age of 14 to 16 weeks, a typical natural fear period begins. A puppy may become wary and skeptical of new individuals, species, or experiences during this period. This is a normal coping mechanism. Keep an eye out for signals of fear in your puppy (cowering, urinating, and refusing food treats). During this stage of development, avoid pushing or overloading your puppy.
Puppy Training Basics 8 Weeks: Should I also think about taking any training classes?
These few basic steps might help pet owners who are new to training their pets begin a training program. It takes time, patience, and practice for the puppy to respond consistently and dependably to commands in a variety of situations. Only enroll in classes that employ positive training methods.
A training class, on the other hand, serves a variety of purposes. Trainers can show you how to do certain things and guide you through the steps of the training process. They can offer advice on puppy training issues and assist you in progressing your training to more difficult routines. The puppy will be taught in a group setting with some real-world distractions. And, given human nature, a dog owner who enrolls his or her puppy in a puppy class will be forced to practice (complete homework) during the week in order to avoid falling behind in the following class. Finally, a training class is a great place to meet and talk to other new puppy owners, as well as see how all the puppies act.
Young puppy training classes are also a great way to socialize your new puppy in a controlled atmosphere with a variety of people, dogs, and other stimuli. Furthermore, rather than needing to find a method to start problems that have already grown, you will learn how to prevent problems from occurring in the first place or deal with them as they arise. Your puppy may make some new friends of his or her own age. You may then take your puppy to these friends (or vice versa) for social play and exercise sessions. Puppy socialization classes are particularly beneficial for puppies 8 weeks of age and older, while the prime socialization period for dogs finishes at 3 months of age. The health risks are minor, and the potential advantages are huge if all puppies in the class have received their initial vaccines and are healthy and parasite-free. Consult your veterinarian about where to find classes in your region and when to start.
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