Teaching Your Puppy: Obedience Training Basics

To effectively train your puppy, use the following core training methods daily: Training sessions should be quick. Since your puppy will consider everything a game, keep him engaged by shifting what he is learning. Each command should be given five minutes’ attention, and you should revisit it as necessary.

Practice the commands in different places, like the living room, the backyard, the hallway, the kitchen, or even when you go for walks. This will help him get used to listening to you in different situations. The clicker approach can help you train your puppy in different ways, such as remaining still during car rides and grooming.

It won’t take your puppy long to pick up things, and he’ll respond to affection and treats. You and your dog will become close through obedience training. This will lead to a happy, well-behaved dog.

Table manners

Giving in to your puppy’s demands is not a good idea. As he grows older, your puppy will become more self-reliant. Puppy fights frequently take place during mealtimes. Giving to him, though, would be a mistake. Make sure he realizes that not all of his demands will be met with a response from you.

Your puppy must learn that other people, especially children, might be unpredictable. But he must admit that their chaotic behaviour is not dangerous. You can help him achieve this by acting like a youngster. Drop throws a treat into his bowl as he moves quickly in his approach. To provide a distraction while eating, softly bump into him or roll toys close by; however, drop a treat in the bowl to reward his continued calm eating. Do not do this before every meal, but occasionally. If your puppy freezes mid-taste, growls, or glares at you, stop and try another time again. If this continues, you should talk to a certified dog trainer or a veterinary behaviourist.

You are reading the body language of your dog.

Dogs have traditionally communicated with one another through body language. These include bodily movements, facial expressions, sounds, and fragrances. Dogs may express their feelings through their mouth, eyes, ears, and tail. You can understand what your puppy is trying to say by learning to interpret your puppy’s body language.

Signs of aggression or submission

When your puppy feels brave or aggressive, he will try to make himself look bigger by standing up straight and sticking out his tail and ears. He will also stand with high neck and back hair and push up his chest. He might grumble and wave his tail subtly.

On the other hand, a submissive dog would make an effort to appear small and act like a puppy. This way, an adult dog can reprimand a puppy without biting him. In a sign of submission, he will crouch sideways, with his tail held low but wagging. He might also make him lick the face of the dominant dog or person. He may even roll onto his back.

The tip of your puppy’s tail

Most people are aware that a tail wag indicates friendliness and pleasure, but there are other moods that a tail can transmit.

Different dog breeds carry their tails in different ways. Still, generally, a tail higher than 45 degrees to the back shows alertness and interest.

If your puppy’s tail is stiffly and slowly waving, it’s showing anger. If your pet’s hindquarters are tightly clenched, it signifies fear. When a dog is frightened or stressed, its tail may droop, but it will still wag stiffly.

The eyes of your puppy

In contrast to eyes that are open wide, which might indicate aggression, dogs’ eyes that are only partially closed sign pleasure or submission.

In the wild, dogs stare at one another until one gives in or issues a challenge, so you should never try to outstare your puppy, especially if he’s scared.

The grin on your dog

When submissive dogs and some breeds, like Labradors, open their jaws in a crooked “smile,” it signifies friendliness. However, aggression is undeniably present when the lips are pulled back firmly to make the teeth.

Want to play?

When he wants to play, your puppy will bow down, raise a paw, or bark to attract attention. To persuade another dog to join a chase, he might tie them together or offer a toy.

What a dog thinks of you?

Your puppy will watch you more than listen to you to comprehend your body signals. Even if you don’t learn anything, he will quickly ascertain how you are feeling.

To improve communication with your puppy, work on your body language. For example, lowering yourself with your arms outstretched would signify welcome, while looming over him and staring at him would be a sign of danger.

How does your puppy learn?

Your puppy will pick up new skills very quickly, so he needs to learn through learning acceptable conduct.

Since dogs learn through association, praise your puppy whenever he acts properly. The likelihood of the action occurring again rises at that point. However, because the reward must be linked to the action, it must arrive quickly—within a second or two. The real reward could be a few puppy food kibbles, verbal praise, or even both.

Your puppy must be taught what he is capable of. Some good behaviours can be overlooked, but it’s important to deal immediately with any potential danger. Give your dog a firm “no” to stop the action, and then reward him when he stops and pays attention to you. Yelling or hitting your puppy won’t make him smarter.

Identifying barking and whining

Barking

Although a dog’s propensity to bark is relatively common, if you can control it, you, your family, and your neighbours will all be happy.

It is not surprising that many dog people encounter barking people, given that most dogs do not comprehend whether barking is good or bad. That’s because the dog is confused by our reaction to his barking. He believes that when he barks, he is sometimes ignored, yelled at to stop, and still other times, he could even be encouraged to bark, such as when a strange person who seems suspicious is nearby.

Your dog can learn when it is appropriate to bark by being taught that he may do so until he is told to stop. The order to stop barking should be seen as a request, not a punishment.

Allowing your dog to bark twice or three times, praising him for raising the alarm, telling him to “Stop barking,” and then rewarding him with a treat are good ways to start the training process. Your dog will stop barking even if he can’t sniff the treat simultaneously. Give him the reward when he has been quiet for a short while. It’s best to slowly lengthen the time between when the dog stops barking and when the reward comes.

If you are worried about excessive barking that you have no control over, speak with your veterinarian for advice on possible solutions, such as specialized training or therapy.

Whining

You risk making things worse when your puppy screams by trying to comfort him. Since he will think that whining is being appreciated, your puppy will make you repeat it to get your affection.

You may teach your puppy to stop whining by not responding to him when he whines. Your puppy will learn that whining and crying are not the best way to get your attention if you ignore him, pay him attention, and praise him only when he stops.