Types Of Labradors: Body Types Labrador Retriever
The Labrador retriever’s body type has evolved to suit his job as well as breeders’, owners’, and kennel organizations’ preferences. In the United States, these types are classified as either English or American Labradors. The two countries’ kennel organizations have similar standards for the Lab we love, but there are some differences.
Labrador Body Type: English Show/Confirmation
The Labrador retriever, also known as an English show/confirmation Labrador, is a stocky, short-legged, powerful Rocky Balboa-type Lab with a broad head and square muzzle in America. He has a thick, rough coat that is rough to the touch and an otter-like tail that is fat and short. On average, he weighs around 80 pounds and stands about 22 inches tall at the shoulders. This lab was bred to compete in major British dog shows, and it tends to look like a British Labrador should.
Standard Labrador Body Type (English) International Cynological Federation (FCI)
The FCI, an organization whose membership includes kennel clubs from all major countries in the world except the United States, recognizes the breed standards of the United Kingdom. Like the English Show/Confirmation model described above, the FCI defines the Labrador’s body type as strongly built, broad-skulled, deep chested, and short-legged. He stands about 22 inches at the shoulders and weighs around 80 pounds. The tail, which is described as medium length and tapered at the end, and the coat, which is described as short, are two minor differences between the two Labs.
Working/Field Labrador Retriever
The American working/field Labrador is a lean, mean retrieving machine built for field speed and endurance. This bad boy is an inch taller than his English counterpart, with lighter bones, a thinner coat, a slimmer tail, a narrower head, and a longer muzzle. His body type deviates greatly from both the AKC and the FCI written Labrador standards, and as a result, he would not do well in the show ring.
Body Type: AKC Standard Labrador
The Labrador retriever is a strong-built, medium-sized, short-legged, athletic-looking dog, according to the American Kennel Club. His coat is dense and weather-resistant, and he has a broad head and a short, thick “otter” tail. His average shoulder height is about 23 inches, and he weighs around 70 pounds.
The English Labrador Retriever vs. the American Labrador Retriever
The differences between American and English Labradors aren’t just a matter of barking with a different accent or calling dinner “tea.” The differences between this retriever’s bloodlines from North America and those from Great Britain have to do with field versus show dog styles.
The first Labrador retrievers came from Newfoundland, Canada, and were neither English nor American. According to the American Kennel Club, proto-labs worked with their fisherman masters, pulling in nets and catching fish that had escaped from fishing lines in a sea-dependent economy. This canine type was later crossed with spaniels, setters, and other retrievers in early nineteenth-century England, earning a reputation as a superior game retriever for hunters. The breed was first recognized by the British Kennel Club in 1903 and then by the American Kennel Club in 1917. Labs are consistently among the dog breeds with the most annual registrations in both countries. Rather than being used as hunting dogs, labs are now primarily used as pets.
The two kennel clubs have slightly different breed standards. The mature American Labrador Retriever stands between 21.5 and 24.5 inches tall at the shoulder, while the English Labrador Retriever stands between 21.5 and 22.5 inches tall at the shoulder. Males are larger than females in both types. The American version is heavier, weighing between 60 and 90 pounds, whereas its British counterpart is lighter by 10 to 20 pounds.
The standard black or yellow color for both American and English labs is never golden, which is a different breed. American labs can also be a chocolate brown color, which is uncommon in English dogs. The color of British labs can be dark reddish or silver.
Dogs in the Field
This type, also known as the working dog, is more common in the American lab. The dog’s bone structure is finer, his legs and muzzle are longer, and his coat is more waterproof. American and English labs, on the other hand, make excellent hunting dogs. The American dog, predictably, is said to have a more boisterous temperament. Whether this is true and whether there is a real distinction between the two types may depend on whether the person making the judgment is a Yank or a Brit.
Doggers that compete in shows
The show lab is stockier, shorter-legged, and has a less refined, blockier head, similar to the English type. The field type’s body is shorter. Your lab, whether he’s a show type or a field dog, needs plenty of exercise. Long walks, runs, and swims, as well as endless games of fetch, are all examples of this. The Labrador Retriever, whether English or American, is a happy, entertaining dog to be around.
Labrador dogs come in a variety of colors, types, and breeds.
According to the American Kennel Club, the Labrador Retriever is the most popular dog breed in the United States. This breed originated in Newfoundland as a working dog that could be used in both warm and cold climates. The Labrador is known for its friendly demeanor, fierce loyalty to its owner, and athletic, high-energy personality. They’re big dogs with a short, dense coat and webbed feet that help them swim and walk in the snow. Because of their intelligence and ease of training, they are frequently used as guide dogs and police dogs.
According to the American Kennel Club, Labradors come in three types: black, yellow, and chocolate. The black Lab has no other markings than a solid black color. The yellow lab does not have to be a solid yellow color; it can be a cream shade, reddish, or strawberry color and still be considered a yellow lab. The color of the chocolate lab varies from light to dark brown. These breeds must have the same color throughout their entire body, with no other markings, in order to be registered with the American Kennel Club. Non-show dogs, on the other hand, may have white spots or other markings on their chests.
Silver Labrador Retrievers
The United States and United Kingdom Kennel Clubs do not recognize the silver Labrador as “silver” for registration. Only chocolate, yellow, and black Labradors are registered with these kennel clubs. Silver Labradors, on the other hand, were created in the 1980s and are considered purebred Labradors. They share all of their breedmates’ physical characteristics, such as height, weight, webbed feet, and head shape. Because of their silver color, they are more difficult to locate than other colors.
Labrador Retrievers are bred in the field.
Within the general breed of Labrador Retriever, the Field Labrador is an unofficial distinction. It refers to a dog that has been bred to work in the field. They are taller and lighter than other Labs, with a longer nose. Field Labradors come in a variety of colors, including chocolate, black, and yellow. Field Labradors are also known as American Labradors, which refers to the AKC’s Lab height standard of 57-62 cm for males.
Labrador Retrievers are bred for show.
The Show Labrador distinction, like the Field Bred Labrador distinction, is unofficial and not recognized by any kennel club for registration purposes. Show bred Labradors are dogs that have been bred to a show standard type for conformation dog shows. In comparison to the Field Labrador, this lab is shorter and stockier, with a fuller face.